Orthopedic surgeons specialize in treating various ankle problems and conditions. Here are some common ankle problems that may be treated by our orthopedic surgeon:
- Ankle Sprains: Ankle sprains occur when the ligaments that support the ankle joint are stretched or torn. Treatment typically involves conservative measures like rest, ice, compression, elevation (RICE), immobilization with a brace or cast, and physical therapy. In severe cases or when there is significant ligament damage, surgical repair or reconstruction may be necessary.
- Ankle Fractures: Ankle fractures involve a break in one or more of the bones that make up the ankle joint. Treatment depends on the type and severity of the fracture but may involve casting, splinting, or surgical intervention to realign and stabilize the fractured bones using screws, plates, or rods.
- Achilles Tendon Tears: The Achilles tendon, located at the back of the ankle, can rupture or tear, leading to difficulty walking and pain. Treatment options may include non-surgical measures such as immobilization with a cast or walking boot, physical therapy, and gradual rehabilitation. In some cases, surgical repair of the tendon may be necessary, especially for athletes or individuals with an active lifestyle.
- Ankle Arthritis: Arthritis can affect the ankle joint, leading to pain, stiffness, and reduced mobility. Non-surgical treatments include pain management, physical therapy, assistive devices, and lifestyle modifications. If conservative treatments fail to provide relief, surgical options like ankle fusion (arthrodesis) or ankle replacement (arthroplasty) may be considered.
- Tendonitis: Tendonitis is inflammation or irritation of a tendon. In the ankle, it commonly affects the posterior tibial tendon (posterior tibial tendonitis) or the peroneal tendons (peroneal tendonitis). Treatment may involve rest, physical therapy, orthotics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and corticosteroid injections. In severe or chronic cases, surgical intervention may be necessary to repair or reconstruct the affected tendon.
- Ankle Instability: Ankle instability refers to a recurring feeling of the ankle “giving way” or feeling unstable, often due to ligamentous laxity or previous ankle sprains. Non-surgical treatments include physical therapy, bracing, and proprioceptive exercises to improve stability. In cases where conservative measures are unsuccessful, surgical options such as ligament repair or reconstruction may be considered.
- Osteochondral Lesions: Osteochondral lesions are injuries to the cartilage and underlying bone in the ankle joint. Treatment may involve non-surgical approaches like activity modification, physical therapy, and pain management. In certain cases, surgical interventions such as arthroscopy, cartilage repair, or transplantation may be performed to address the damaged cartilage and promote healing.
These are just a few examples of ankle problems that our orthopedic surgeons commonly treat. The specific treatment approach will depend on the nature and severity of the condition, as well as the patient’s individual circumstances. Our orthopedic surgeons will conduct a thorough evaluation, including physical examination and imaging studies, to determine the most appropriate treatment plan for each patient.