Orthopedic surgeons treat a wide range of foot problems and conditions. Here are some common foot problems that may be treated by our orthopedic surgeon:
- Bunions (Hallux Valgus): Bunions are bony bumps that form at the base of the big toe, causing the big toe to deviate towards the other toes. Surgical treatment options may include bunionectomy, which involves removing the bony prominence and realigning the toe, or osteotomy, which involves cutting and repositioning the bone to correct the deformity.
- Hammertoes: Hammertoes occur when the toes bend abnormally at the joints, causing them to appear bent or curled. Surgical treatment may involve releasing or repositioning the tendons, removing or realigning a portion of the bone, or joint fusion in severe cases.
- Plantar Fasciitis: Plantar fasciitis is a condition characterized by inflammation of the plantar fascia, a thick band of tissue that runs along the bottom of the foot. Orthopedic surgeons may recommend non-surgical treatments such as stretching exercises, orthotic inserts, physical therapy, and corticosteroid injections. In severe cases, surgical options like plantar fascia release or removal of a heel spur may be considered.
- Flat Feet (Pes Planus): Flat feet occur when the arches of the feet collapse, causing the entire sole to touch the ground. Orthopedic surgeons may recommend non-surgical treatments like orthotic inserts, physical therapy, and exercises to strengthen the foot muscles. In some cases, surgical intervention, such as tendon repair or fusion of the bones in the midfoot, may be required to correct the deformity.
- Morton’s Neuroma: Morton’s neuroma is a painful condition caused by the thickening of the tissue around the nerves leading to the toes. Non-surgical treatment options include wearing supportive shoes, using orthotic inserts, and corticosteroid injections. Surgical treatment may involve removing the neuroma or releasing the pressure on the affected nerve.
- Achilles Tendonitis: Achilles tendonitis is an inflammation of the Achilles tendon, which connects the calf muscles to the heel bone. Non-surgical treatments like rest, physical therapy, stretching exercises, and orthotic devices are often recommended. Surgical intervention may be considered for severe cases, involving removing scar tissue, repairing the tendon, or lengthening the calf muscles.
- Fractures and Sprains: Orthopedic surgeons also treat foot fractures and ligament sprains that occur due to trauma or overuse. Treatment options range from conservative measures like immobilization with a cast or brace to surgical intervention involving realignment of the fractured bones or repair of torn ligaments.
These are just a few examples of foot problems that our orthopedic surgeons commonly treat. The specific treatment approach will depend on the nature and severity of the condition, as well as the patient’s individual circumstances. Our orthopedic surgeons will conduct a thorough evaluation, including physical examination and imaging studies, to determine the most appropriate treatment plan for each patient.